Family planning is an important part of women’s health and is important for the nation’s well-being. It reduces the risk of pregnancy-related complications and reduces infant mortality. It also increases the availability of basic resources for children. In addition, family planning promotes the educational and social development of the child.


While female sterilization is a safe, effective method of family planning, attitudes towards the procedure vary between different cultures and social groups. This review focuses on how women view sterilization, the reasons for it, and the risks associated with the procedure. A woman should have a balanced understanding of the procedure before consenting to it.

Young married women are most likely to choose female sterilization when their families are complete. However, this preference may change with age, higher education, and delayed marriage. Further, the preference for female sterilization may be changed when women receive information on the reversible methods available.

Tubal ligation

Tubal ligation is one of the safest birth control methods available. However, it does not work for everyone. Fewer than one woman out of every 100 will become pregnant within the first year of tubal ligation. Furthermore, younger women are more likely to fail to have a child after tubal ligation. Another risk associated with this procedure is ectopic pregnancy. If this occurs, the woman must undergo medical treatment right away.

The surgery is usually performed as an outpatient procedure. Patients are sedated before the operation using an intravenous line. They are also given medicines to relax and fall asleep. The surgeon will then insert a laparoscope and special instruments to seal off the Fallopian tubes.

Creighton Model for cervical mucus monitoring

The Creighton Model for cervical mucus-monitoring is a scientific method for charting fertility that utilizes cervical mucus as a biomarker. This mucus is essential to a woman’s health and fertility. Its standardized measurements allow couples to learn when a woman is naturally fertile and infertile. This method is available as an app or as a paper chart. The Creighton Model is used by some physicians to diagnose infertility and help couples plan for their futures.

The Creighton Model is based on observing cervical mucus on a daily basis. Women learn to classify the cervical secretions and record them in a fertility chart. There are several methods available to track cervical mucus, including the Billings Ovulation Method and the Creighton Model FertilityCare System. The Billings method focuses on the sensations felt at the vulva, whereas the Creighton method uses standardized measurements of cervical mucus.

Emergency contraceptive pill

If you’re planning a family and want to avoid pregnancy, the emergency contraceptive pill is the way to go. It is available over the counter in most pharmacies without a prescription, and it can prevent pregnancy as early as three days after intercourse. However, you must consult your doctor before taking this pill as it will not work on all women.

While ECPs may have some side effects, most are minor and clear up within a few days. Some women may experience irregular menstrual periods while taking them, which is not dangerous. The emergency contraceptive pill is not effective in all situations, so women should use a condom whenever possible.


There are many questions surrounding abstinence as a method of family planning. While many abstinence advocates claim that abstinence is the best way to prevent pregnancy, there is no way to accurately measure the effectiveness of abstinence in terms of fertility prevention. While the abstinence method has a higher success rate, researchers have not been able to measure the effectiveness of abstinence in typical use.

Abstinence is a method that works by preventing pregnancy by keeping sperm from entering the vagina. It also reduces the risk of contracting certain STIs, since it prevents the exchange of fluids between the penis and the vagina. However, abstinence can be difficult to maintain without a partner.